Non-members of MPAA may submit movies for ranking.[1] Other media, corresponding to television programs, music and video games, are rated by different entities such as the TV Parental Guidelines, the RIAA and the ESRB, respectively. Joaquin Phoenix (left) on the 76th Venice International Film Festival, where Joker premiered. “LDS Cinema Gets Better and Gets a Bum Rating”. Archived from the unique on February 29, 2004.

7. Once Upon a Time …in Hollywood (

The film, primarily based on DC Comics characters, stars Joaquin Phoenix because the Joker and supplies a potential origin story for the character. Set in 1981, it follows Arthur Fleck, a failed stand-up comedian whose descent into insanity and nihilism conjures up a violent counter-cultural revolution towards the wealthy in a decaying Gotham City. Robert De Niro, Zazie Beetz, Frances Conroy, Brett Cullen, Glenn Fleshler, Bill Camp, Shea Whigham, and Marc Maron seem in supporting roles.

Joker was produced by Warner Bros. Pictures, DC Films, and Joint Effort, in affiliation with Bron Creative and Village Roadshow Pictures, and distributed by Warner Bros. The 2011 documentary Bully obtained an R score for the profanity contained within the film, which prevented most of the intended audience, center and excessive schoolers, from seeing the film. The film’s director, Lee Hirsch, has refused to recut the film, stating, “I really feel a responsibility as a filmmaker, as the individual entrusted to inform (these children’) stories, to not water them down.” A petition collected greater than 200,000 signatures to change the film’s ranking[seventy five] and a model with much less profanity was lastly given a PG-thirteen rating. The identical, nevertheless, could not be said concerning the 1995 teen drama Kids, which director Larry Clark wished rated R so mother and father may take their kids to it for academic purposes, however the MPAA rated it NC-17 as a result of its content material of adolescent intercourse and turned down Clark’s attraction.

This signified that the trailer adheres to the requirements for motion picture advertising outlined by the MPAA, which embrace limitations on foul language and violent, sexual, or otherwise objectionable imagery. If a film has not but been assigned a final rating, the label This Film Is Not Yet Rated is used in trailers and tv commercials.

The MPAA has consistently cited nationwide scientific polls (carried out each year by the Opinion Research Corporation of Princeton, New Jersey), which present that oldsters discover the rankings helpful. If a film has not been submitted for a rating or is an uncut model of a film that was submitted, the labels Not Rated (NR) or Unrated (UR) are sometimes used. Uncut/prolonged versions of movies that are labeled “Unrated” additionally comprise warnings saying that the uncut model of the movie contains content material that differs from the theatrical release and won’t be suitable for minors. Until April 2009, these playing cards indicated that that they had been approved for “all audiences” and sometimes included the movie’s MPAA ranking.

Archived from the unique on July three, 2009. “Changes within the Rating System”.

The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) film ranking system is used within the United States and its territories to rate a movie’s suitability for sure audiences primarily based on its content. The MPAA score system is a voluntary scheme that’s not enforced by law; movies could be exhibited with no rating, although sure theaters refuse to exhibit non-rated or NC-17 rated movies.

Joker premiered at the 76th Venice International Film Festival on August 31, 2019, where it won the Golden Lion, and was launched in the United States on October four, 2019. The movie polarized critics; while Phoenix’s performance, the musical rating, cinematography and production values had been praised, the darkish tone, portrayal of psychological illness, and dealing with of violence divided responses.[7] Joker also generated considerations of inspiring real-world violence; the movie theater the place the 2012 Aurora, Colorado mass shooting occurred during a screening of The Dark Knight Rises refused to indicate it. Despite this, the movie grew to become a major box office success, setting records for an October release. Joker has grossed over $1 billion, making it the first R-rated movie to take action, the seventh-highest-grossing film of 2019, and the thirty second-highest-grossing movie of all time. 122 minutes[2]CountryUnited StatesLanguageEnglishBudget$55–70 million[three][4]Box workplace$1.072 billion[5][6]Joker is a 2019 American psychological thriller film directed and produced by Todd Phillips, who co-wrote the screenplay with Scott Silver.

The movie was then launched unrated by Miramax (underneath Shining Excalibur Films because Miramax, previously owned by Disney, hesitated to launch it as an NC-17 film). Joaquin Phoenix’s performance in the film won him multiple awards, including a BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, a Critics’ Choice Movie Award for Best Actor, a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, and a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role. His portrayal of the Joker also has him nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor.

But the shortage of variety in the nominees dominated the award ceremony, with Joaquin Phoenix calling out “systemic racism” within the movie enterprise.

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