Art is very closely related to human life. Moreover, the name of that art is part of our daily lives. Maybe there are still few people who realize that every day is always associated with applied art.
The meaning of art is not limited to words or objects that are devoted to enjoying its beauty. Art has many branches. Especially in this art which is divided into 2, namely pure art and applied art. But in this article, what will be discussed is applied art.
Definition of Applied Arts
What is applied arts? Applied art or commonly called applied art is a work of art that not only has artistic value, but also has a certain function value in daily life. This artwork is indeed made to meet the needs.
The artistic value or beauty in applied art is not too much thought of. Because the most important is the usability factor. But that does not mean that applied art does not have aesthetic value or beauty. There are several works of applied art that both have both values, beauty and usability.
The Function of Applied Arts
According to its function, applied art is divided into two types, namely:
This practical function or usability function means that applied works of art do have a primary purpose as a support for human activities on a daily basis. For example household furniture such as tables, chairs, cabinets, and others.
Aesthetic function or beauty function means that applied art works prioritizes more aesthetic value than the use value of the item. So that the object is used because of the value of its beauty, not because of the use value of the item. So if the item is not used there is also no problem.
Examples of applied art are jewelry, flower vases, wall hangings, batik, beautifully carved chairs, and others.
Types of Applied Fine Arts
There are many types of applied art. These types are divided into several according to their own classification or category. These categories include:
Based on Being
Types of applied art based on form are divided into two, namely:
• Applied two-dimensional (2D) art or commonly called dwimatra is a work of art that has only two elements, namely length and width. This artwork can only be enjoyed from one direction only. Examples are puppets, painting, illustration art, batik art, and many others.
• Applied three-dimensional art (3D) or commonly called tridimensional is a work of art that has three elements, namely length, width, and height. So this artwork can be seen from various directions because it has a volume or content. Examples of this artwork are sculpture, craft art, sculpture, etc. that can be seen from all sides or directions.
Based on provenance
Applied fine arts are also divided according to their origin. There are two types of applied art according to their origin, namely:
• The applied art of the archipelago is an original art from the archipelago and is a hereditary heritage of culture. For example, traditional clothing, traditional houses, traditional weapons, traditional transportation, and others.
• Modern applied art is art that comes from modern culture today. For example, modern paintings with art flow.
Based on the Pattern
Applied art based on style can be divided into two, namely the form in accordance with the original (figurative) and the form is not real (nonfigurative). Of the two types can be divided into the following forms:
a. Abstract Shape
Abstract forms are art forms that are not the result of imitation or processing from nature or non-tangible forms. Such as kawung, swastika, wedge, tumpal, meander, twisted, and others motives. The abstract form is still divided into:
• Pure abstract shapes, for example houses, shoes, tables, chairs.
• Symbolic abstract forms, for example traffic signs, punctuation marks, letters, symbols
• Philosophical abstract forms, for example Chinese characters.
b. Form of Deformation
The form of deformation is a form which has been simplified.
c. Geometric Shapes
Geometric shapes are art whose shapes and sizes are organized. Like the shape of a flat triangle, rectangles, hexagons, and circles.
d. Stilation Form
Stylized forms are art forms with various styles / celebrations. Examples such as decorative motifs, geometric, human, flora, and fauna.
e. Realistic Visual Patterns
This art form is usually called the naturalistic form, which is the form that matches the original.